Rats are various medium sized rodents. "True rats" are members of the genus Rattus, the most important of which to humans are the black rat, Rattus , and the brown rat, R. norvegicus. Many members of other rodent genera and families are also called rats and share many characteristics with true rats. A rat has an average life span of 2-3 years.
Rats are distinguished from mice by their size; rats generally have bodies longer than 12 cm (5 in).
Species and description
The best-known rat species are the Black Rat Rattus and the Brown Rat R. norvegicus. The group is generally known as the Old World rats or true rats, and originated in Asia. Rats are bigger than most Old World mice, which are their relatives, but seldom weigh over 500 grams (1 lb) in the wild.
The term "rat" is also used in the names of other small mammals which are not true rats. Examples include the North American pack rats, a number of species loosely called kangaroo rats, and others. Rats such as the Bandicoot rat Bandicota bengalensis are murine rodents related to true rats, but are not members of the genus Rattus. The widely distributed and problematic commensal species of rats are a minority in this diverse genus. Many species of rats are island endemics and some have become endangered due to habitat loss or competition with the Brown, Black or Polynesian rat.
The common species are opportunistic survivors and often live with and near humans.Rats can destroy or contaminate food supplies. Rodent feces and urine are a source of gastrointestinal diseases such as Salmonella or E-coli infections, and respiratory diseases such as Hantavirus. The rat flea has been an important agent of transmission for Plague and Murine typhus. The normal lifespan of rats ranges from two to five years, and is typically three years.
Signs of Rats
* Scratching noises in walls or under the floor
* Rats drop dark, tapered droppings about 3/8″ – 9/16″ long.
* Distinctive smell – strong smell in enclosed areas.
* Damage to property
* Ripped food packaging
* Burrows – rats will dig burrows.
1.Eliminate Food Sources
Remove defective refuse cans.
Provide a sufficient amount of refuse cans. A 32 gallon container with a tight fitting lit is best.
DO NOT LITTER. Be sure garbage in secure in container and not on the ground.
Drain and wrap garbage before disposing.
Remove pet food immediately and clean up animal waste.
2. Eliminate Water
Keep all drains covered and secure.
Make sure hoses are not leaking.
Get rid of any standing water in yard.
Fix any defective pipes or drains.
3. Eliminate Rodent Hiding Places
Get rid of junk, lumber, old boxes, discarded appliances chairs or bedding on the ground or under porches.
Remove abandoned vehicles.
If you have seen droppings, tracks in the soil around your home or business, burrows in the ground, any signs of gnawing, or grease smears wherever their bodies have touched walls or rafters, chances are pretty good you have a rodent problem. It’s time to call the experts at Quick Solution J Exterminating LLC Brooklyn's leading rodent removal specialists: 718-241-4940